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Local JUnit 5 PagedList Test

Implementation — Convert List Into PagedList With Mock DataSource.Factory

@saied89 shared this solution in this googlesamples/android-architecture-components issue. I’ve implemented the mocked PagedList in the Coinverse Open App in order to local unit test a ViewModel using Kotlin, JUnit 5, MockK, and AssertJ libraries.

LiveData — To observe the LiveData from the PagedList I’ve used Jose Alcérreca’s implementation of getOrAwaitValue from the LiveDataSample sample app under Google's Android Architecture Components samples.

The asPagedList extension function is implemented in the sample test ContentViewModelTest.kt below.

Threading — InstantExecutorExtension.kt is required for JUnit 5 when using LiveData in order to ensure the Observer is not on the main thread. Below is Jeroen Mols’ implementation.

Code Sample — PagedListTestUtil.kt, LiveDataTestUtil.kt, ContentViewModelTest.kt, and InstantExecutorExtension.kt

PagedListTestUtil.kt

import android.database.Cursor
import androidx.paging.DataSource
import androidx.paging.LivePagedListBuilder
import androidx.paging.PagedList
import androidx.room.RoomDatabase
import androidx.room.RoomSQLiteQuery
import androidx.room.paging.LimitOffsetDataSource
import io.mockk.every
import io.mockk.mockk
fun <T> List<T>.asPagedList(config: PagedList.Config? = null): PagedList<T>? {
val defaultConfig = PagedList.Config.Builder()
.setEnablePlaceholders(false)
.setPageSize(size)
.setMaxSize(size + 2)
.setPrefetchDistance(1)
.build()
return LivePagedListBuilder<Int, T>(
createMockDataSourceFactory(this),
config ?: defaultConfig
).build().getOrAwaitValue()
}
private fun <T> createMockDataSourceFactory(itemList: List<T>): DataSource.Factory<Int, T> =
object : DataSource.Factory<Int, T>() {
override fun create(): DataSource<Int, T> = MockLimitDataSource(itemList)
}
private val mockQuery = mockk<RoomSQLiteQuery> {
every { sql } returns ""
}
private val mockDb = mockk<RoomDatabase> {
every { invalidationTracker } returns mockk(relaxUnitFun = true)
}
class MockLimitDataSource<T>(private val itemList: List<T>) : LimitOffsetDataSource<T>(mockDb, mockQuery, false, null) {
override fun convertRows(cursor: Cursor?): MutableList<T> = itemList.toMutableList()
override fun countItems(): Int = itemList.count()
override fun isInvalid(): Boolean = false
override fun loadRange(params: LoadRangeParams, callback: LoadRangeCallback<T>) { /* Not implemented */ }
override fun loadRange(startPosition: Int, loadCount: Int) =
itemList.subList(startPosition, startPosition + loadCount).toMutableList()
override fun loadInitial(params: LoadInitialParams, callback: LoadInitialCallback<T>) {
callback.onResult(itemList, 0)
}
}

LiveDataTestUtil.kt

import androidx.lifecycle.LiveData
import androidx.lifecycle.Observer
import java.util.concurrent.CountDownLatch
import java.util.concurrent.TimeUnit
import java.util.concurrent.TimeoutException
/**
* Gets the value of a [LiveData] or waits for it to have one, with a timeout.
*
* Use this extension from host-side (JVM) tests. It's recommended to use it alongside
* `InstantTaskExecutorRule` or a similar mechanism to execute tasks synchronously.
*/
fun <T> LiveData<T>.getOrAwaitValue(
time: Long = 2,
timeUnit: TimeUnit = TimeUnit.SECONDS,
afterObserve: () -> Unit = {}
): T {
var data: T? = null
val latch = CountDownLatch(1)
val observer = object : Observer<T> {
override fun onChanged(o: T?) {
data = o
latch.countDown()
this@getOrAwaitValue.removeObserver(this)
}
}
this.observeForever(observer)
afterObserve.invoke()
// Don't wait indefinitely if the LiveData is not set.
if (!latch.await(time, timeUnit)) {
this.removeObserver(observer)
throw TimeoutException("LiveData value was never set.")
}
@Suppress("UNCHECKED_CAST")
return data as T
}

ContentViewModelTest.kt

...
import androidx.paging.PagedList
import com.google.firebase.Timestamp
import io.mockk.*
import org.assertj.core.api.Assertions.assertThat
import org.junit.jupiter.api.AfterAll
import org.junit.jupiter.api.BeforeAll
import org.junit.jupiter.api.BeforeEach
import org.junit.jupiter.api.Test
import org.junit.jupiter.api.extension.ExtendWith
@ExtendWith(InstantExecutorExtension::class)
class ContentViewModelTest {
val timestamp = getTimeframe(DAY)
@BeforeAll
fun beforeAll() {
mockkObject(ContentRepository)
}
@BeforeEach
fun beforeEach() {
clearAllMocks()
}
@AfterAll
fun afterAll() {
unmockkAll()
}
@Test
fun `Feed Load`() {
val content = Content("85", 0.0, Enums.ContentType.NONE, Timestamp.now(), "",
"", "", "", "", "", "", MAIN,
0, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0,
0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0)
every {
getMainFeedList(any(), any())
} returns MutableLiveData<Lce<ContentResult.PagedListResult>>().also { lce ->
lce.value = Lce.Content(
ContentResult.PagedListResult(
pagedList = MutableLiveData<PagedList<Content>>().apply {
this.value = listOf(content).asPagedList(
PagedList.Config.Builder().setEnablePlaceholders(false)
.setPrefetchDistance(24)
.setPageSize(12)
.build())
}, errorMessage = ""))
}
val contentViewModel = ContentViewModel(ContentRepository)
contentViewModel.processEvent(ContentViewEvent.FeedLoad(MAIN, DAY, timestamp, false))
assertThat(contentViewModel.feedViewState.getOrAwaitValue().contentList.getOrAwaitValue()[0])
.isEqualTo(content)
assertThat(contentViewModel.feedViewState.getOrAwaitValue().toolbar).isEqualTo(
ToolbarState(
visibility = GONE,
titleRes = app_name,
isSupportActionBarEnabled = false))
verify {
getMainFeedList(any(), any())
}
confirmVerified(ContentRepository)
}
}

InstantExecutorExtension.kt

import androidx.arch.core.executor.ArchTaskExecutor
import androidx.arch.core.executor.TaskExecutor
import org.junit.jupiter.api.extension.AfterEachCallback
import org.junit.jupiter.api.extension.BeforeEachCallback
import org.junit.jupiter.api.extension.ExtensionContext
class InstantExecutorExtension : BeforeEachCallback, AfterEachCallback {
override fun beforeEach(context: ExtensionContext?) {
ArchTaskExecutor.getInstance().setDelegate(object : TaskExecutor() {
override fun executeOnDiskIO(runnable: Runnable) = runnable.run()
override fun postToMainThread(runnable: Runnable) = runnable.run()
override fun isMainThread(): Boolean = true
})
}
override fun afterEach(context: ExtensionContext?) {
ArchTaskExecutor.getInstance().setDelegate(null)
}
}

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